Garry Kasparov rose to international fame in 1985 as the youngest world chess champion in history. He was 22 at the time and is widely considered among history’s greatest chess players. In 2005, Kasparov retired from the sport to devote his time to writing and human rights activism. He is currently chairman of the Human Rights Foundation, a nonprofit that promotes human rights globally and organizes the Oslo Freedom Forum, and chairman of the Renew Democracy Initiative, dedicated to global democracy. He is a frequent contributor to major international publications, including The Wall Street Journal and The New York Times.